3b. Pinan Nidan

Overview of the Kata

Pinan Nidan is a much simpler kata than Pinan Shodan. The basic pattern for it is very similar to Kihon Yondan or Matsubayashi-ryu’s Fukyugata Ichi. There are only two new waza (techniques) that are visible in this kata:

Tetsui (Hammer Fist)

Geidan Shuto Uke (Low Double Knife Hand Block)

Additionally there is at least one Kakushi Waza (Hidden Technique) – Wari Uke (Commonly translated as “split block”, it is a rolling block).

Notice the use of both Shizentai Dachi (Natural Stance) and Zenkutsu Dachi(Forward Stance) together rather than one or the other.

Examination of Techniques

Let us first examine the Testui technique. Tetsui can be used as both a block and an attack. It can be performed either sideways or vertically. To perform this movement vertically, you make a fist and then using a circular motion you bring your fist down towards you and then up towards your head and back outwards to block a punch. This can be used to strike the back of the neck or the top of the head (rarely). If you swing the fist from chest high in front of you down and behind you, it can be used as a groin or thigh strike.

To perform this technique sideways you simply make the fist, bring it towards your chest, bending at the elbow, and then back out to block a punch or to strike the side of the head or the ribs. It is important to make the shoulder the pivot point when making contact so that you do not hurt your elbow.

The next movement was introduced in Pinan Shodan (or will be used again in Pinan Shodan depending on the order you learn the katas). Geidan Shuto Uke is very similar to the Chudan Shuto Uke (Middle Knife Block) except that it is primarily used to block a kick. Simply rotate your hands so that they are low enough to block the kick at a 45 degree angle.

The final technique is Wari Uke. This technique is not in the kata but rather is the technique that the opponent would perform in the fight. This is very similar to Geidan Barrai, but rather than a linear block, this is a circular block done to redirect a punch away from yourself.

Sequence

  • Rei
  • Yoi
  • Left nekoashi-dachi facing left
  • Left otoshi-tetsui-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi
  • Right jodan-seiken-zuki
  • Spin around to face the right (right shizentai-dachi or zenkutsu-dachi?)
  • Right gedan-uke
  • Pull back to nekoashi-dachi
  • Right otoshi-tetsui-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi
  • Left jodan-seiken-zuki
  • Turn to the front in zenkutsu-dachi
  • Left gedan-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi and block jodan-uke (x3 and kiai)
  • Spin around to face right in zenkutsu-dachi
  • Left gedan-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi
  • Right jodan-seiken-zuki
  • Spin around to face left in zenkutsu-dachi
  • Right gedan-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi
  • Left jodan-seiken-zuki
  • Spin to face rear in zenkutsu-dachi
  • Left gedan-uke
  • Step forward to shizentai-dachi and strike jodan-seiken-zuki (x3 and kiai)
  • Spin around to face left in nekoashi-dachi
  • Gedan-shuto-uchi
  • Step out to 45* in nekoashi-dachi
  • Gedan-shuto-uchi
  • Spin around to face right and repeat
  • Yoi
  • Rei

By KruczekKruczek on FacebookKruczek on Google+Kruczek on Twitter Visit author's website

Theodore Kruczek is the founder and head writer of the Okinawan Karate-do Institute. He is a 4th Degree Black Belt in Okinawan Shorin-ryu with more than 14 years of experience. This site was created as his way of both teaching his own Karate and learning about others.

Comments (5)

  1. We do jodan seiken zuki to the sides (after the three jodan uke to the front), where they used chudan seiken zuki, and we do the three jodan seiken zuki to the back like they did. As for the bunkai, I have only learned bits and pieces so far, so I don’t have much input on the throw you mention but my sensei showed me a twisting throw (very Jujutsu influenced) from this kata.

  2. A different flavor from what I study – but the big thing I notice is the wind-up with the hands. usually this is a no-no. Hands should not telegraph the movement into the next move.

    Congratulations on an impressive web site.

    Sincerely,

    Frank Cantrell

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